Teenage slang in the USA

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Theoretical part

General characteristics of slang

Definition of slang

Origins of slang

Creators and users of slang

Slang dictionaries

Teenage slang in the USA

The city, mass communications, and popular speech in the


Why teenagers use slang?

Examples of teenage slang

Teenage Internet slang

SMS slang used by teenagers

Practical part

American teenage slang used in films

Slang in different kinds of songs




Список литературы

1. Allen I.L. The City in Slang, New York, 1994

2. Andersson L.G. Bad language, London, 1992

3. Androutsopoulos Jannis. Global slang spread of American slang//Do you speak American, 2002// http: //www. pbs. org/speak/words/sezwho/globalslang/#androutsopoulos

4.A Historical Dictionary of American Slang (2006), ed. Robert Beard, alphaDictionary. com. // http: //www. alphadictionary. com/slang/.

5. Beard, Robert (2006) What is Slang? alphaDictionary. com. // http: //www. alphadictionary. com/articles/what_is_slang. html.

6. Bullard Winona, Shirley Johnson, Jerkeshea Morris, Kelly Fox, Cassie Howell Students, University of North Carolina at Pembroke What is Slang? //http: //www. uncp. edu/home/canada/work/allam/1914-/language/slang. htm

7. Collins Essential English Dictionary 2nd Edition 2006 HarperCollins Publishers 2004

8. Croft, William (2000) Explaining Language Change: An Evolutionary Approach. Harlow: Longman: 75−6.

9. Dalzell T, «Flappers 2 rappers: American youth slang», Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1996

10. Dictionary of contemporary slang — Tony Thorne. Published by Bloomsbury. London. 1997.

11. Dumas, Bethany K. and Lighter, Jonathan (1978) ''Is Slang a Word for Linguists?'' American Speech 53 (5): 14−15.

12. Green, Jonathon. 2000. Cassell’s Rhyming Slang. Cassell.

13. Lighter, Jonathan E.; J. Ball; and J. O’Connor, eds. Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang. Random House, 1994.

14. Lumerg Robert. American Slang. HarperPerennial, 1987. Abridged edition of the New Dictionary of American Slang (Harper, 1986).

15. Marshall J, «Dangerous English», Delta publishing, 2003

16. Mencken H.L. The American Language. Second edition, revised and enlarged? New York publishing, 1921

17. Partridge, Eric. Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. Macmillan, 1985. A classic, with 7,500 entries; first published in 1937.

18. Partrige E, «Slang to-day and yesterday», London, 1971.

19. Peter van der Merwe, Origins of the Popular Style (1989, reissued 1992).

20. The Oxford dictionary of modern slang — John Ayto / John Simpson. Published by Oxford University Press. 1992.

21. Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1996, 1998 MICRA, Inc

22. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright, 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2003. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

23. Spears R.A. Dictionary of American Slang. Lincolnwood, Ill.: National Textbook Co., 1991. 528 p.

24. Wentworth, Harold and Flexner, Stuart Berg. Dictionary of American Slang. Crowell, 2d ed., 1975.

25. What is slang//http: //www. thefreedictionary. com/slang

26. Slang//http://www. thefreedictionary. com/slang

27. What does all this chat room slang mean? // http: //uscash. net/tips/chat. html

28. money slang//http: //www. businessballs. com/moneyslanghistory. htm

29. Film «Sliding doors"// http: //www. londonslang. com/

30. Frequency of usage of verb-adverb combinations (VAC) in American slang//http: //nakhodka. wl. dvgu. ru/forum/section7/7−04. htm

31. Internet Slang//http: //uscash. net/tips/chat. html

32. Teenage slang// http: //www. irishslang. net/

33. Teenage slang// http: //www. bbc. co. uk/ Created: 28th July 1999

34. List of slang used in hip hop music// http: //www. omnipelagos. com/entry?n=list_of_slang_used_in_hip_hop_music

35. Slang//http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Slang

36. Slang in songs and in cinemas//http: //www. slangcity. com

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