The idea of manage tornado through the technology of «atmospheric magnetic bubbles»

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Series: METEOROLOGY_
Sinitsyn K.N.
The idea of manage tornado through the technology of «atmospheric magnetic bubbles»
Annotation
The present situation with phenomenon tornado research is allow make predictions through meteorological forecast, which have warning time between 1 and 3 hours only. In the modern theory not take into account of influence Earth'-s magnetic field structure to form tornado at all and theirs open field lines in partially. Author proposes to create new technology of «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» to make tornado tame, the atmosphere cleaning and managing of global climate changing. By author'-s opinion this technology using material results could be achieved in middle-time outlook even (from 12 to 24 months). Prior beliefs for that are created simulation tornado models as well deployed networks of weather forecast and weather observation. To create and development the technology author looks for investors. Approximate cost could be about $ 1. 200. 000 (one million two hundreds thousands US dollars). Cover of these investments could be calculating as percentage from tornado damages prevention service. Because annual losses from tornado are calculated as several billions US dollars, thus annual profit for investors after develop the technology could be about hundreds millions US dollars as minimum. But if take into account this longtime outlook (or more then 24 months after the technology using), additional profit increasing could be between 30% and 50%.
Contents
1. Introduction.
2. Brief history of the problem and modern point for the tornado
phenomenon.
3. Last observations data for magnetic field structure
4. Description of the idea «atmospheric magnetic bubbles»
5. Conclusion.
References.
1. Introduction.
A problem for human in present days is phenomenon of powerful vortex (or tornado).A multiple attempts to prevent tornado damages are not successful until the time.
The modern theory allow make simulation of tornado forming process, but it is not possible to make all necessary measurements to do this simulation enough accurate.
An observations for last 10 years connected with this phenomenon allow to make forecasts its appearance in time from 1 to 3 hours as well to make forecasts for initiation of the phenomenon on distance until some hundreds kilometers [1, 2]. But it could be not enough for power tornado cases (F3-F5 types) and caused damages, consequently, remains still as fate and unpleasant fact.
2. Brief history of the problem and modern point for the tornado phenomenon.
The first description for tornado is dated of 1643, but dependence between atmosphere pressure and cyclones behavior was noted by German scientist G. Leibniz on 1690. Though, scientists gave possibility to simulate a tornado phenomenon, in connection with mesometeorology area, close to end of 20th century only.
Most important researches until 1998 are:
S.A. Arseniev, A. Yu. Gubarev, V.N. Nikolaevskiy theory, which suppose that nature of tornado formation is connected to mesocyclone with start wind velocity from 1 m/s- and basic mass of mesocyclone contains from vortex as a result of convection or instability of atmospheric fronts for frontal clouds-
B.N. Belousov'-s and A.M. Zhabotinskiy'-s mathematic model created for typical dissipative structures with high degree of symmetry, but in phase of far condition from thermodynamic equilibrium.
The phenomenon modeling as well measurements for this phenomenon on last 10 years allow well describe a model for formation. And several papers [3.. 14] have well agreements for observations data as well for research interpretations of these data volumes [15. 24].
These data volumes consist from features measurements sound waves for several ranges as between 0,1 Hz and 10−17 Hz, as well between 100kHz and 300MHz. And additional measurements are data from Doppler radars as well some confirmation information received from satellites.
In this way prognosis model use features of atmospheric pressure gradient changing related with dense (or mass) and square (or volume) indicators for funnel of vortex. But calculations make for various heights data.
Because computer equipment resources are limited, turbulent flow interaction with debris physics is not taking into account at all or could be take into account with limitations.
Possibilities to calculate of turbulent flow in near-surface tornado structure are limited too. As a result these calculations are different from real processes actually.
Due to other limitations for computer equipment resources calculations make basically for so called «quasi-static condition» only. Generally it is beginning tornado structure formation when «tornado funnel» is not connected to earth'-s surface. But in these limitations even computer modeling working for condition one funnel [6] or the same velocity parameters for several funnels (as rule, not more two) [10]. But real observation practice of tornado presents a lot of cases for several funnels quite frequently.
Any way, the current situation is allow make forecasts for tornado in terms of quantity and quality only. Such additional factors use for this forecast as impulse generator of electromagnetic waves in tornado structure (a warning time between 30 minutes and 1,5 hours) — electromagnetic perturbations in ionosphere, connected to formation and moving vortex, as well sound wave registrations in ranges of between 0,1 Hz and 10−17 Hz, 16 Hz and 16 kHz, 100 kHz and 300 MHz (a warning time between 25 minutes and 3 hours).
Attempts to impact on vortex using some chemical agents were not successful until the time. In the meanwhile, in accordance to research and observations, tornado threats are actual and frequent phenomenon for USA, South Canada, north-west and south-east area of Europe, Italy, west and south-east area of Australia, New Zealand. Annual losses for budgets these countries and areas are about tens billions US dollars as
minimum. And injured persons quality are about tens thousands humans there.
Additionally, in accordance to prognosis until 2050 in connection with global climate changing problems, as frequency of tornado occasions and as theirs damages volume will be increase. But in last time these problems actuality would be not excluded for central Europe area too in connection with global climate changing.
3. Last observations data for magnetic field structure
In this part of the article some of last observations considered, but these data are not connected to tornado observations directly. Nevertheless, by the author opinion, it could be key not only to uncover of puzzle the phenomenon tornado, but and well key to change value of forecasts basically, as well make reliable managing of atmospheric fronts in near our future.
In last astrophysical observations noted that active stars have complicated structure of theirs magnetic fields- actually it is noted about open field lines. Such structure is cause to burst some plasma substance into outer space.
As consequence, magnetic fields interactions of interstellar gas and plasma create abnormal ionization areas in distant space from active stars (usually it is several radius of the star distance). These zones have time instability and theirs «life time» is limited about few seconds.
As a result, interstellar gas particles have accelerated projection. From the Earth it looks like «bubble burst», what'-s why such effect was called as «magnetic bubble».
Rather like effect was observed inside distant Earth'-s magnetic field area (the distance is about 10−15 radii of our planet) in so called «zero zones». Such zones formed in Earth «shadow area» where summary magnitude of the magnetic field is very weak. In this area magnetic field have strong stretched form, and in «tail» magnetic field lines are open (i.e. not connected to Earth'-s surface). These field lines have reconnection process under influence of «sunny wind».
Vector of the reconnection process have rotation (i.e. precession), which determined by current value of summary gravitational field for our planetary system in area of «shadow» of the Earth. This vector has determination in many parameters. Thus, as Sun move in the Galaxy, as this vector change direction on law which close to chaotic motion. Consequently, the function which describes open field lines reconnection process has law close to chaotic motion too.
It is mean that ionized and charged particles moving inside a «zero zones» have space-time path, which could be described by chaotic motion law. It has confirmation through observations in «zero zones» some structures which close to vortex.
4. Description of the idea «atmospheric magnetic bubbles»
In accordance to modern theory of our planet magnetic field formation, a liquid magma core located in centre of the Earth.
Above this core a continental platforms move, and theirs interaction is cause for observed tectonic activity. Continental platforms have secondary magnetic field formed by core magnetic field as well due to partial ionization caused temperature influence from magma to bottom of platforms.
When magma go up to our planet surface, their magnetic field is interact with magnetic field of continental platform. As a result, on near-surface area in the atmosphere this interaction creates some magnetic field formations which close to «magnetic bubbles» in the structure. Such structures have possibly extension for heights until 2000−3000 meters above sea level. Thus, such structures could be called for convenience «atmospheric magnetic bubbles».
Because «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» zones have instability, like «magnetic bubbles» areas, as additional effects from «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» formations should be observed abnormal ionization air particles and abnormal water condensation of air masses. In first step of such influence the atmospheric pressure reduction should be observed. But, in second step, should be observed abnormal air masses concentration inside the area of «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» as well clouds structure formations. And this concentration should have rotation as well turbulent motion due to mechanism considered in section 3 this article.
On the third step, as a result abnormal air masses concentration inside «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» area should be observed creation increased atmospheric pressure zone. As a result this, it should be observed redistribution of formed atmospheric fronts.
In other terms, in accordance to author assumption, the zone of creation and evolution for «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» is possible to connect to zone of creation and evolution of cyclones/anti-cyclones.
But in our assumption the temperature of ejected on Earth'-s surface magma have not high value relatively interstellar plasma. Thus, on near-surface area must be created not too much quantity of open field lines
and theirs reconnection process must going more slowly than for space observed examples (see section 3 this article).
Consequently, «life time» for «atmospheric magnetic bubbles» might be limited by range substantially greater than several seconds. Thus, these processes might have influence to form increased atmospheric pressure zones in Earth'-s atmosphere until heights supposedly 2000−3000 meters.
5. Conclusion.
Based on assumptions made above, propose the technology included possibilities to create zones of increased/decreased atmospheric pressure. A model for simulations of creation and evolution tornado structure is developed and partially verified. Thus, author supposes that the technology could be ready to use in short-time outlook perspective (not more 12 months for full cycle of creation, development and field examination).
Additionally author hopes that same technology mechanism will allow to start manage of atmospheric fronts distribution process, as well to start process to clean atmosphere from harmful gas concentrations, as well, partially, some process to manage global climate (in middle-time and long-time outlooks for mentioned above processes, i.e. in time between 12 and 24 months for full cycle of creation, development and field examination).
As author expect, finance expenses could be minimized if take into account a possibilities of usable simulation models as well weather observation stations network in frame of exist projects.
Coverage of associated investments could be calculating as percentage from tornado damages prevention service.
Because annual losses from tornado are calculated as several billions US dollars, thus annual profit for investors after develop the technology could be about hundreds millions US dollars as minimum. But if take into account this long-time outlook (or more then 24 months after the technology using), additional profit increasing could be between 30% and 50%.
References.
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2. R. Michael Jones, Emily S. Gu, A. J. Bedard, Jr., 2004. INFRASONIC ATMOSPHERIC PROPAGATION STUDIES USING A 3-D RAY TRACE MODEL.
3. J. XIA, W. S. LEWELLEN, AND D. C. LEWELLEN, 2003. Influence of Mach Number on Tornado Corner Flow Dynamics.
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6. Baiyun Gong, D. C. Lewellen, and W. S. Lewellen, 2006. EFFECTS OF FINE-SCALE DEBRIS ON DIFFERENT TORNADO CORNER FLOWS.
7. D. C. Lewellen_ and W. S. Lewellen, 2006. ON THE LIMITS TO NEAR-SURFACE INTENSIFICATION OF TORNADO VORTICES.
8. D. C. LEWELLEN AND W. S. LEWELLEN, 2006. Near-Surface Intensification of Tornado Vortices.
9. John M. Noble and Stephen M. Tenney, 2003. DETECTION OF NATURALLY OCCURRING EVENTS FROM SMALL APERTURE INFRASOUND ARRAYS.
10. D. C. Lewelleny, Baiyun Gong, and W. S. Lewellen, 2007. Effects of Fine-Scale Debris on Near-Surface Tornado Dynamics.
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