Использование данных космической съемки со спутников российско-белорусской орбитальной группировки для решения задач контроля техногенных и природных чрезвычайных ситуаций, землепользования, лесного хозяйства и экологии и обеспечение свободного доступа к геоданным

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УДК 528
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ДАННЫХ КОСМИЧЕСКОЙ СЪЕМКИ СО СПУТНИКОВ РОССИЙСКО-БЕЛОРУССКОЙ ОРБИТАЛЬНОЙ ГРУППИРОВКИ ДЛЯ РЕШЕНИЯ ЗАДАЧ КОНТРОЛЯ ТЕХНОГЕННЫХ И ПРИРОДНЫХ ЧРЕЗВЫЧАЙНЫХ СИТУАЦИЙ, ЗЕМЛЕПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ, ЛЕСНОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА И ЭКОЛОГИИ И ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ СВОБОДНОГО ДОСТУПА К ГЕОДАННЫМ
Андрей Владикович Данелян
ЗАО «Международные космические технологии», 107 078, Россия, г. Москва, Хоромный тупик, 4, строение 5, генеральный директор, тел. (495)607−07−00, факс: (495)625−45−16, e-mail: director@zaomkt. ru
В статье рассмотрен вопрос использования данных космической съемки со спутников российско-белорусской орбитальной группировки для решения задач контроля техногенных и природных чрезвычайных ситуаций, контроля землепользования, лесного хозяйства и экологии.
Ключевые слова: космическая съемка, использование данных ДЗЗ, контроль землепользования.
THE USE OF SPACE IMAGERY DATA FROM SATELLITES OF THE RUSSIAN-BELARUSIAN SPACECRAFT CONSTELLATION INTENDED TO CONTROL NATURAL AND INDUSTRIAL DISASTERS, LAND USE, FORESTRY, ECOLOGY AND PROVIDE FREE ACCESS TO GEOSPATIAL CONTENT
Andrey V. Danelyan
JSC «International space technology», 107 078, Russia, Moscow, Horomny dead lane, 4, Bld. 5, tel. (495)607−07−00, fax: (495)625−45−16, e-mail: director@ zaomkt. ru
The article discusses the use of space imagery data from spacecrafts of the russian-belarusian spacecraft constellation intended to control natural and industrial disasters, land use, forestry, ecology and provide free access to geospatial content.
Key words: space imagery, Earth remote sensing data («ERS» data), land use control, emergency, forestry monitoring.
After deployment of the satellite cluster in 2012 consisting of the Belarusian spacecraft (& quot-BS"-) and & quot-Canopus-B" № 1 spacecraft, the national operators started to supply the ERS data to the public consumers of operational hydrometeorology, entities monitoring natural and industrial disasters, those of environmental resource management, ecology and cartography.
Table 1. Contains main characteristics of the spacecraft and its optoelectronic facilities.
Later on, in order to improve the economic benefits of running the satellite cluster, it was decided to establish a joint venture for the commercial use of ERS data and promote it to the Russian and international markets. In February 2014 by order of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Mr. D. Rogozin and Government regulation of the Republic of Belarus was formed a joint Russian-Belarusian compa-
ny & quot-International space technology. "- This has laid foundations for the partnership between Russian and Belarusian enterprises in the field of commercialization of space activities.
Table 1
SPECIFICATIONS
Mass of the satellite 473,2 kg
Orbit altitude 510±10 km
CAPTURE FIELD, AT LEAST
— panchromatic imaging capture device (PIC) 23 km
— multizone imaging system (MIS) 20 km
GEOMETRIC RESOLUTION:
— PIC 2,1 m
-MIS 10,5 m
Daily imaging coverage 300 000 — 500 sq. km
Imaging Revisit time 4 days
Geolocation accuracy 30 — 50 m (no Ground control points) 4 — 7 m (with Ground control points)
SPECTRAL RANGE, ^m
— PIC 0,54−0,86
— MIS 0,46−0,52- 0,51−0,60- 0,63−0,69- 0,75−0,84
The founders of the joint venture are: on the Russian side — JSC & quot-VNIIEM Corporation& quot-, developer of the meteorological satellites such as& quot- Meteor-M & quot-and small ERS spacecrafts such as& quot- Canopus-B & quot-. On the Belarusian side it is & quot-Geographic Information Systems& quot- Unitary Enterprise, the operator of the Belarusian ERS system.
JSC & quot-MKT"- main activities:
1. Commercial distribution of ERS data and its processing results got from the BS and & quot-Canopus-B"- spacecraft as the exclusive sales representative & quot-GIS"- Unitary Enterprise in the CIS countries excluding the territory of the Republic of Belarus.
2. Photogrammetric and subject based data processing of ERS data from the BS and & quot-Canopus-B"- № 1 satellite, byproducts: orthophotoplans, mosaics of space images, digital elevation models, etc.
3. Development and updating of specialized geo information systems.
Types of products supplied by JSC & quot-MKT"- can be seen in Table 2.
Under the terms of the multiagency agreement Roscosmos and the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus share the spacecraft cluster of two satellites to provide Russian and Belarusian consumers with the ERS data and its processing results. Images from & quot-Canopus-B" № 1 and Belorussian satellite are supplied to consumers of space information in three processing levels resulting in the following types of the final product, & quot-base product& quot-- & quot-Standard product& quot- - the image in a
given map projection with radiometric processing, sensor distortion correction and geometric correction- & quot-Orthorectified product& quot- - ortho-images, digital maps and digital elevation models.
Table 2
Type of ERS products (Belorussian ERS data) Spatial resolution nadir, m Number of spectral channels Vector of image size, km Type of imaging
panchromatic 2,1 1 23×23 archive
operative
multispectral 10,5 4 20×20 archive
operative
Panchromatic and multi-spectral 2,1 и 10,5 5 23×23 20×20 archive
operative
RGB-synthesized 2,1 4 20×20 archive
operative
Each ortho-corrected image is radiometrically calibrated and geometrically and topographically improved according to high-accuracy measurements of the orbital parameters as well as according to Ground Control Points (& quot-GCP"-).
EMERCOM of Russia its National Center for Crisis Management have successfully realized a ground computer based system for & quot-Canopus-B"- to receive and process data, intended to detect flooding and forest fires situations, to evaluate the infrastructure condition after significant earthquakes, natural and industrial disasters.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 represent instances of common use of satellite images for the above tasks.
Ь
Решение прикладных задач с применением снимков с «Канопуса-В№ 1 и БКА
Мониторинг паводков и наводнений
Визуальная оценка зон паводка в пойме реки Припять район н.п. Петриков
Векторные слои русла реки и зоны паводка на 29. 04. 2011
Совмещение цветосинтезированного снимка БКА (19. 10. 2012) и векторного слоя зон паводка для визуальной оценки подтопленных территорий. Паводок в пойме реки.
www. zaomkt. ru
Решение прикладных задач с применением снимков с „Канопуса-В№ 1 и БКА
Мониторинг пожаров (пожар от 19. 10. 2012 г., р-н оз. Червоное)
к MODIS/TERRA (разрешение 250 м)
к БКА (разрешение 2 м)
www. zaomkt. ru


Fig. 1. Monitoring of emergency situations
A pioneering Russian experimental technology to process images using rational polynomials (RPC) was developed for & quot-Canopus-B“ № 1 and Belarusian spacecraft,
which can be used to perform rough image conversion, independently of ground control points. Terrain Information is taken from SRTM public digital elevation model. For adjustment purposes the image scenes and orthophotoplans can be based upon ground object forms with coordinate readings imported from GLONASS technologies or appropriate map scale data from cartography-geodesic fund. The GIS & quot-Map 2011& quot- software with its & quot-Raster map points& quot- tool can be used to locate the image size.
Information, obtained from the & quot-Canopus-B» № 1 and Byelorussian satellite is used to monitor the land use in agro-sector, natural resources control and eco-control, ground mapping needs. Some examples of the use of ERS data taken from the spacecraft are shown in Fig. 2.

Мониторинг объектов землепользования
Мониторинг изменений в лесном фонде
Ведение банка данных по объектам
Мониторинг изменений в лесном фонде (район Вилейского водохранилища)
Актуальные данные из интернета «Maps. google. com»
Цветосинтезированный снимок БКА (разрешение 2 м) от 19. 10. 2012 г.
www. zaomkt. ru
www. zaomkt. ru
Создание и обновление топографических и навигационных карт масштаба 1: 50 000 и 1: 25 000
г. Минск, исходная цифровая карта
й снимок, 30. 08. 2012 г.
www. zaomkt. ru
Fig. 2. Monitoring of land-use objects, forestry, eco-control and ground mapping
Starting from 2012 the Federal Forestry Agency has been using ERS data from satellites & quot-Canopus-B" № 1 to control forest areas and identify illegal forest cutting, as well as to perform contracts of forest inventory and while putting the forest plots on cadastral record.
Fig. 3 shows examples of forest control (deforestation control) in panchromatic view and images from the & quot-Canopus-B" № 1 in 2013. For comparison «Google Maps» images of the same area are provided.
Спутниковый мониторинг лесных территорий
(контроль вырубок леса по данным ИСЗ «Канопус-В»)
Иркутская область Красноярский край Республика Карелия
Fig. 3. Monitoring of forest areas
Thus, the space imagery data from BS and & quot-Canopus-B" № 1 spacecraft has been efficiently used both in Russia and in the Republic of Belarus to provide real-time monitoring of hydro meteorological objects, monitoring of natural and industrial disasters, environmental resource management, ecology, and for the purposes of digital and topographic and navigation mapping.
REFERENCES
1. L A. Makridenko, A.V. Gorbunov, O.A. Nikonov JSC & quot-VNIIEM"- Corporation & quot-Analysis of the quality of information obtained from SC Canopus-B «№ 1 and potential field of application. M., Collected works of & quot-VNIIEM"-, 2013, p. 10.
2. Basic framework for 1: 25 000, 1: 50 000 scale topographic map-making and map updating, M., RIO BTS., 1984
3. A.N. Lobanov, V.B. Dubinovsky, F.F. Lysenko, A.M. Bobryashov, Analytical terrain and imagery models. M Nedra., 1973, p. 96.
© A. B. ffanenm, 2015

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