Effect of sedentary style of life on the teenagers’ health

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Effect of sedentary style of life on the teenagers'- health
4. Фахритдинова А. Р. Клинико-рентгенологическая картина туберкулезного спондилита на современном этапе/травматология и ортопедия России. — 2006. — № 1. — С. 16−20.
5. Costa F., Cardosa M., Silva L., Epidemiology of tuberculosis in БашаНсао (Portugal) Abstracts 15 th ERS//Ann. Congress. — Copenhagen, 2005. — P. 1250.
Ubaydullayeva Sevara Abdullayevna, Senior scientific assistant, applicant to the department
of Ambulatory Medicine, Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute E-mail: mbshakur@mail. ru
Effect of sedentary style of life on the teenagers'- health
Abstract: According to the performed poll among 1350 children it was determined that, 39. 8% of teenagers had sedentary life, which had direct impact on their health. Teenagers with sedentary life 3 times more often had anemia, and in 17. 9% we registered rise of arterial pressure, while 25. 3% oppositely decrease. 49. 5% of the teenagers had some forms of diseases in majority of the cases characterized by diseases of endocrine system and gastro-intestinal tract. Keywords: style of life, children and teenager'-s health, physical development
Topicality. In the modern time in many countries of the world health cult is widely introduced. And it, in its turn, promotes formation of the demand of healthy body. Heath, weight, sequence in the enlargement of various parts of body, and its proportion is programmed in hereditary mechanisms and in optimal conditions of life activity proceed in certain sequence. Though external and internal factors can not only cause disorder of development sequence, but also lead to irreversible alterations [3].
Among the multiple factors, effecting the status of youth health, together with heredity, the role of & quot-regulatory factors& quot- of should be noted: environment, sanitary-hygienic conditions of life, and study in school. We should take into account the fact that, only 10% of human health depends on medicine, 20% on heredity, 20% on the impact of environment, and 50% on the style of life of a person himself [4]. Especially it is characteristic for teenagers, as especially in that age period health problems more often have functional character due to physiological, functional and psychological peculiarities, and they are reversible and can be corrected. But due to the same peculiarities teenagers are too much liable to the impact of environment, under the influence of which the formation of behavioral setting, habits occur, and on which their health depends [3- 6].
Motion is natural demand of a human organism. Excess or deficiency of motion is reason of many diseases. It forms the structure and functions of human organism. In the process of long-term evolutional development of human a close relation between its motor functions and activity of inner organs was formed [5]. During the growth and development of human motion stimulates substance and energy exchange in organism, it improves activity of heart and breathing, and also functions of some other organs, playing important role in the adjustment of a person to continuously changing conditions of environment. Great mobility of children and teenagers
has favorable effect on their brain, promoting development of mental activity. Motor activity, regular physical trainings and sports is compulsory condition of healthy style of life [4].
Motor activity is one of the essential factors, which determine the level of exchange processes in organism and status of its skeletal, muscle and cardiac-vascular system [2]. It is closely interrelated with three aspects of health: physical, psychic and social, and play various roles in human life. The demand of organism in motor activity is individual and it depends on many physiological, social-economic, and cultural factors. The level of the demand in motor activity is significantly conditioned by hereditary and genetic factors. Certain level of physical activity is necessary for normal development and functioning of an organism and maintenance of health. That range has minimal and maximal optimal levels of motor activity [6].
Deficiency of motor activity in our country is characteristic for the majority of city population, and especially for people dealing with mental activity. These include not only mental job workers, but also pupils and students, the main activity of whom is study [1].
Objective: to study impact of sedentary life style on the health of teenagers.
Materials and methods of the research: on the basis of the performed poll of 1350 children, living in Tashkent city and Sirdarya region. The checking was performed among teenagers in the age from 14 to 18 years old, among them 663 girls and 687 boys. We performed anthropometric studies (heath, weight, BWI).
On the basis of the designed inquirer we determined the characteristics of sedentary life.
Children with sedentary life were visually examined by the following specialists: pediatrician, neuropathologist, traumatologist, dentist, children'-s gynecologist, endocrinologist, and surgeon.

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