Napoleon Bonaparte as a Diplomat
- Тип работы:
- Иностранные языки и языкознание
Узнать стоимость новой
Детальная информация о работе
Выдержка из работы
Napoleon Bonaparte as a Diplomat
Napoleon Bonaparte French military and political leader (15 August 1769 — 5 May 1821)
bonaparte war french
«The superior man is never in anyone’s way»
Napoleon was born at Ajaccio in Corsica in the family of noble Italian ancestry. He trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. He rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. He led a successful invasion of the Italian peninsula.
As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815. His legal reform, the Napoleonic Code, has a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, called Napoleonic Wars. He established hegemony over most of continental Europe. Due to his success in these wars, often against numerically superior enemies, he is generally regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time, and his campaigns are studied at military academies throughout much of the world.
After 18−19 Brumaire (9−10 November 1799), he became first consul, and achieved his purpose for life consul on August 2, 1802. A person who has received dictatorial power over France and held that power in his hands for 15 years, was considered to be a great diplomat, and commander by many of his contemporaries. Napoleon, not being authorized by anyone, took on the role of a diplomat who enters into an agreement and sign treatises on behalf of France from his first campaign in Italy between 1796−1797, while negotiations with the Austrians in Leoben and Campo Formio, and in the war with the Mamelukes, and then with the Turkish regular army in Egypt and Syria in 1798−1799 years. Even when Napoleon was negotiating with the Sultan of Mysore in India against the common enemy — England, this important diplomatic move was made entirely on his own initiative. So he did such things, being only a general, and when in November 1799 he received the formal right to conduct diplomatic negotiations on behalf of France as its supreme head, he never shared his power.
After that, Napoleon appointed his foreign minister Prince Talleyrand-Perigord, who remained in that position until the autumn of 1807. The first heir of Talleyrand was Champagne (the Duke of Cadore), and then the Duke of Bassano. Only Talleyrand had a real diplomatic talent and remaining two — Cadore and Bassano — were only executive bureaucratic mediocrity, neat and hard working Chef de Cabinet of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. But even Talleyrand was turned into a mere executor of Napoleon’s will, although he was highly appreciated by him. «Talleyrand is the smartest of the ministers, which I have had,» — said by the end of his life of Napoleon. Of course, Talleyrand wrote papers, notes, memoranda, much smarter and thinner than the others, but the maintenance of diplomatic documents was always dictated by the Emperor himself. Tips that gave Talleyrand accepted only when they were coincide with the intentions of the Emperor, otherwise they were rejected.
Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer. There has been debate about his death, as some scholars have held that he was a victim of arsenic poisoning. Thus, Napaleon Bonaparte died on May 5, 1821, on the island of St. Helena.
Napoleon Bonaparte is power hungry genius with the mania of majesty.Показать Свернуть